Soyuz undocking, reentry and landing explained

European Space Agency, ESA

14 млн көрүүлөр5 414

    How does an astronaut return to Earth from the International Space Station? What does it feel like to re-enter the atmosphere? How does the Soyuz capsule function? Watch and find out. This video is based on an actual lesson delivered to the ESA astronaut class of 2009 (also known as the #Shenanigans09) during their ESA Basic Training. It features interviews with astronauts who have flown on the Soyuz and dramatic footage of actual landings.
    Produced by the ESA Human Spaceflight and Operations (HSO) Astronaut Training Division, Cologne, Germany, in collaboration with the HSO Strategic Planning and Outreach Office, Noordwijk, The Netherlands, with special support from Roskosmos.
    Narration Voice: Bernard Oattes
    Technical Experts: Stephane Ghiste, Dmitriy Churkin (HSO-UT)
    Content Design: Stephane Ghiste, Dmitriy Churkin, Raffaele Castellano, Matthew Day (HSO-UT)
    Animation & Video Editing: Raffaele Castellano (HSO-UT), HSO-K
    Project Coordination: Matthew Day, Stephane Ghiste, Dmitriy Churkin (HSO-UT)
    Special thanks to:
    Martin Schweiger (Orbiter software: orbit/
    Nikita Vtyurin, Andrew Thielmann (Orbiter Soyuz model)
    Lionel Ferra (HSO-UT)
    Oleg Polovnikov (HSO-UT)
    Frank De Winne (HSO-A)
    Paolo Nespoli (HSO-A)
    Antonio Rodenas Bosque (HSO-UT)
    S.P. Korolev Rocket and Space Corporation Energia
    Aerospace Search and Rescue Service of the Russian Federation
    Parachute footage: Cambridge University Spaceflight
    Surfer footage: copyright Red Bull Media House
    Footage from inside Soyuz capsule courtesy of RSC Energia has limited rights:
    a) These data are submitted with Limited Rights under Agreement among the Government of Canada, Governments of Member States of the European Space Agency, the Government of Japan, the Government of the Russian Federation and the Government of the United States of America concerning co-operation on the civil International Space Station.
    These data may be used by the receiving co-operating agency and its contractors and subcontractors, provided that such data shall be used, duplicated or disclosed only for the following purposes, which are related to the Cooperating Agency Space Station Program for ISS:
    1) Use for ESA astronaut training
    2) Use for educational purposes
    These data shall not be used by persons or entities other than the receiving Cooperating Agency, its contractors or subcontractors, or for any other purposes, without the prior written permission of the furnishing partner state, acting through its cooperating agency.
    b) This notice shall be marked on any reproduction of these data in whole or part.
    Also watch:
    Journey to the ISS Part 1: The launch sequence explained
    Watch Part 2: Soyuz rendezvous and docking explained
    Captions available in English, French, German, Italian, Russian, Romanian (with thanks to Alexa Mirel) and Spanish. Click on the CC button to switch between languages.
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    күнү жарыяланды 7 жыл мурун


    1. Azhar Sohail

      Love and respect

    2. VigilantX9


    3. Francisco Lepiz

      I love this video!!! Thanks!!!

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        You are so welcome!

    4. Archana Jn

      Thank you ESA this is going into my classroom material. Atleast somebody made a video covering all major points

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        Thank you for watching, Archana! We are happy this is useful for your classes 😄

    5. Pe Pem


    6. Dick White

      So great to hear these astronauts interviewed. Admire their bravery for all mankind🌈😁🌈❣️

    7. Philip Kimwele

      Undoubtedly one of the best explained procedures..Big up to the narrators.

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        Thanks a ton for watching, Philip!

    8. Christine Springer

      Excellent! Thank you for explaining all of this.

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        Glad it was helpful!

    9. Francisco Cortés Casiano

      There is not a lot of space inside the soyuz.

    10. Kasun Tharaka

      Sergei korolev was the Master mind behind this ultimate Space craft

    11. TLH NEWS K

      People have great ambitions to reach their goals.

    12. Youngdave

      Respect for astronauts

    13. Jason Joy

      Let me sage you some time: 15m12s.

    14. Gustavo Kenzo

      Crew Dragon: Emirates First Class Soyuz: Ryanair Economy (don’t even know if they have another class other than economy though)

    15. Ted Cook

      The in uh bhhlf

    16. Go Ko

      Frank look like Mr.Data fro Star Trek ;) Real deal of future

    17. donnie baker

      this is Saturday April 17 2021 and they just landed a few moments ago and I got to watch the landing live as they touched down was a perfect slam bag pafume crutch on land landing Russian style like a head on collision with a truck

    18. Abdul Azeem

      Welcome home heros

    19. Vlasko60

      That was fascinating.

    20. Theo Schütz

      And people still believe Apollo13 got the angle just by looking through the window...??

    21. Ramon Heard

      Don’t forget, in the 50s 60s all these reentry calculations were done by hand by 4 black woman.

    22. Rogerio Felix

      Here fron BRAZIL

    23. Stephen Turner

      They must give these guys some 'medicine' for these journeys. Being cooped up in a tight space for four hours has got to be nerve-racking. I'd need some heavy tranquillizers for that kind of journey.

    24. Tiberius Tchaikovsky

      At 10:15, I noticed that the astronauts had the flags of their respective countries woven onto their spacesuits. The conquest of space represents a global endeavor of ALL of humanity, and therefore, this activity should be banned from all future space travel and exploration. Patriotism has no place in space!

    25. Everth Cruz

      Fascinating work by all the scientific personnel involved in these kinds of projects

    26. William Holt

      So how did they figure or calculate about speed / burn , trajectory, and things of that nature to begin with . ? Seems like the kind of thing that would involve a whole lot of trial and error , At the cost of many lives , equipment, and money , I don't understand how they had any preconceptions of key aspects of certain life and death consequential steps without multiple casualties before success .

    27. Prince Solomon

      14:32 Astronaut Skywalker: I´ll try spinning, that´s a good trick.

    28. Mutahir Rana

      Love it

      1. Mutahir Rana

        Hello, ESA. Can you Answer my Question I'm Confused . I don't have Money to hires Scientists to search . But my Question is simple. . . Does Ever Moon Split into Two Parts.

    29. koen350

      BadaBOEM ,😃 Magic

    30. kholil .-

      METERS/second. Checkmate Americans

    31. jason harmon

      The meaty cotton neurally reign because ashtray operationally worry following a bewildered course. youthful, vast celeste

    32. Ghostrider71

      Awesome video.

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        Thanks for the visit

    33. José Ribeiro

      Is not that different from the rovers landing procedures on Mars! It can be considered as a rehearsal

    34. LE

      KSP time!

    35. HellhammerSS

      "Soft landing"........BA-DA-BOOMMMMMMMM!!!!!!!!

    36. Oli P

      Without the sacrifices of V. Komorov, G. Dobrovolsky, V. Patsayev and V. Volkov the Soyuz should not be as safe as it is today. Soyuz 1: Vladimir Komorov Soyuz 11: Georgy Dobrovolsky Viktor Patsayev Vladislav Volkov STS-51-L Gregory Jarvis Christa McAuliffe Ronald McNair Ellison Onizuka Judith Resnik Micheal J. Smith Dick Scobee STS-107 Rick D. Husband William C. McCool Micheal P. Anderson David M. Brown Kalpana Chawla Laurel Clark Ilan Ramol

    37. Jz K

      SpaceX SN ships can do softer landings. In pieces...🛰🪂🚁

    38. Douglas Williams

      I believe the better interests of NASA is and always has been to maintain the supply of the station without requiring anyone's assistance in the need. Those arguing against this truth... are wrong 😕

    39. Janz Coripe Vlog

      Amazing Thnks God you go back safe God bless ISS💚💚💚

    40. Alex Gaming

      Russia for the win. Still the most used rocket😎

    41. David Jarrah

      The orange select perceptually overflow because dollar univariably extend at a anxious potato. threatening, crooked search

    42. MidnightSenerart

      if i was there and my crew was alive i would cry

    43. Lez Lezman

      10:36 "Every few milliseconds the spacecraft was shaking with this BANG BANG BANG BANG! That felt really interesting, actually." - translation: I started shitting my pants at that point.

    44. Totally Awemazing

      I keep trying to get back to earth, but every time I either skip off the atmosphere or I burn up... This is becoming a bit annoying now

    45. martin77wf

      If I go and want to comeback at a very low speed even if it takes the whole day

    46. alyce kollmer

      Miracles happen! And we blessed to be able to see the Space station because of Science and those pioneers willing to take the adventure with you! Thank you❤️⭐️👍🇺🇸🍾

    47. André de Caldas

      Yeeessss!!! Awesome! 👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼👏🏼😄😄😄👍🏼👍🏼👍🏼

    48. Fiona Unterfeld

      Ich möchte auch Astronautin werden

    49. Victor237 Obiora

      I never knew soyuz is such an advanced spaceship, kudos to the Russians..

    50. Arnanda Mahar


    51. Tom Zart

      FLIGHT !! Man has dreamed of flying high Since birds first avoided his spear. Not until nineteen-o-three Was it done despite his fear. With gasoline and engine, Propellers and wings for lift The Wright brothers flew their plane And gave mankind their gift. Many countries built their planes As our world became insane. Planes were used in two world wars With bombs and bullets to rain. Now we fly in outer space In search of life's creation. Though most succeed, some will die Pioneers of aviation. Nothing else man can conceive Is more luring but God's sky. To be as one with the stars Is the wish of all who fly. THANK YOU FOR WHO YOU ARE IN YOUR HEART ! By Tom Zart Most Published Poet On The Web Tom’s 1,650 Poems Are Free To Share! Google = Most Published Poet Google = George Bush Tom Zart Google = Most Published Poet KGup

    52. Titanium Special

      They looked exhausted when pulled out.

      1. TheSeeker50

        They are exhausted but they are also not used to the gravity back on earth right away after coming back. The longer you stay in zero gravity in space, the harder it is to adjust back on earth. That's why you practically never see astronauts walk out of a capsule and need assistance.

    53. Ronald Brower

      Bravo Zulu!

    54. Ronald Brower


    55. jeri andrade

      loved these..

    56. Buddha

      Human brilliance is beyond understanding

    57. Get Real

      Putin will not be pleased that you spoke

    58. Gianluca

      I am italian but by the accent I thought paolo nespoli was russian. DOH!

    59. Mario G.

      What music are you using? It is nice :)

    60. Mian Zain

      Anybody here like me? Just for Re-Entry Stuff?? 🤔

    61. Louie Niglio

      It would definitely be a really bad time to get a cramp in your leg sitting in the module and not be able to anything about it. Does anyone know if they plan for this and have some kind of diet or some sort of stretching exercise to prevent cramps from happening.

    62. Nair Acadrolli

      A antiga União Soviética,comunista e perseguidora da igreja e dos cristãos,hoje desfeita e repartida em muitos países asiáticos,os russos,sempre competindo com a NASA,na exploração espacial.Refens do sistema comunista,sem ter onde colocar sua esperança na Providência Divina, são semelhantes as vítimas de sequestro,confinadas em tubulações das espaçonaves e estações espaciais.Seguindo protocolos, não tem liberdade de retornar imediatamente ao convívio humano na Terra,obrigados a conviver com condições restritas de espaço físico e conforto, inexistência de alimentos saborosos e diversificados, abster-se da abundância das águas que o planeta Terra pode oferecer para usufruir com saúde.Tudo o que Deus criou com ordem e harmonia para o ser humano ser simplesmente e naturalmente feliz.

    63. Maui Zoo

      So after being in space for a few months the astronauts can't even lift themselves or carry their own weight. So how are we supposed to go to Mars exactly? Anyone that survived the trip would be too weak to do anything once arriving. Nevermind the fact that they would have to store two years worth of food for the trip.

    64. Nighthawk

      "If Kaylee doesn't give me enough burst to offset the burn through.... this landing is gonna get pretty interesting." "Define 'interesting' " ".......'oh god oh god we're all gonna die'?"

    65. sportyculvercity

      Always wanted to be an astronaut.....but as i got older i had to scratch that ambition due to claustrophobia i dont how they do it 😂😂😂😂😂

    66. Earth-ling

      That space inside the Soyuz is so tight...if one of them farted inside.....every one of the crew would get a concussion

    67. Pale Zombie

      This would be absolutely horrifying.

    68. Miss Daisy The Raccoon

      I'm claustrophobic and that soyuz pod freaks me out just looking in there!!!...

      1. Apyr

        I mean, originally it was for one person, through the magic of soviet engineering, they managed to get 3 people inside, so yeah

    69. Nekomesha

      Notice how in every Soyuz video, there are multiple bots with comments about how COMPLETELY SAFE these rockets are.

      1. Nekomesha

        Ok I get it, they’re super safe

      2. Apyr

        Because it is, there have been only 2 accidents, and in both there have been no deaths, this in over 139 flights, compared to rockets like the space shuttle, it is safer, and the dragon capsule has not flown enough to compare, though i hope it becomes as or even more safe than the Soyuz, on the other hand, the starliner has to have some improvements, though i hope it happens too.

    70. Fiverr 14

      Do you use ksp for those animations?

      1. Apyr

        Yeah, i think they do

    71. Fiverr 14

      Do you use ksp for those animations?

    72. Sami Saieed

      In the corona time they probably will go back to space again.

    73. Back To FE

      Not saying it's a ZeroG plain, just the background noise sounds like it and of course all the cuts.

      1. Maciej Cholewa

        Vomit comet lasts about 20-25s max, there are unedited shots here that last more than few minutes, so you are wrong

    74. Peter Zarkovski

      Borat Sagdiyev is waiting for them in Kazakhstan to cover the entire story.

    75. Ashutosh sharma

      Very well explain, it most feels like we are with them

      1. European Space Agency, ESA

        Thanks for watching, Ashutosh!

    76. Nora Norapac

      Superbes explications !

    77. Frederic Beaudet

      Very impressive!!!!!!

    78. xFuryGamingx

      Mad respect to all people involved.

    79. Blank Sheet

      Actually gravity is a weak force✌️

    80. I-Can-Make-It

      This is mind blowing, Makes me realize how powerful human brain is. But the truth is on few use their brains toward goods in life

    81. DianeDeeTrying

      This is so Awesome

    82. Pete Jones

      He looks exactly like the guy you would want to land a brick.

    83. Atharv Sarang

      Got this suggested after, SN-10 landed

    84. Akhona Ngubelanga

      Who is talking? I think this video is the best because of him...

    85. avalon NewWay

      It takes not just brains but also balls to be astronaut

    86. Mollie Gee

      This video was incredible! 🙌🏽👏🏽

    87. joyce cole

      i would go in a heartbeat !!!!!

    88. Parth Rajpal

      Amzing experience the video was so good 👍❤️ . It like i Was comming Back To earth From ISS

    89. Priya Kapse

      😀😀 nothing feels better than home sweet home

    90. Geraldine Pambuena

      Its so amazing Heroes of the world

    91. New Era

      Next time if there is any turbulence on flight I would describe it as «Interesting» instead of terrifying

    92. Zharki at FalconAerospace

      What ksp mod are u guys using? @esa

      1. Zharki at FalconAerospace

        @Apyr LOL

      2. Apyr

        Seems like RN soyuz, and probably RSS or KSRSS

    93. Elya Elya

      Россия 🇷🇺

    94. Dan Launder


    95. La Del7

      Americans can get along with Russians in Space but not on Earth smh

    96. Sven S.

      The smell of grass and soil after such a long trip must be incredible.

      1. Percy Jenson

        @Victoria Escobar Quarin the wind blowing on you and the sound of wildlife would be just as wonderful

    97. Denis Petrov

      Now, this is how real space flights are performed.

    98. Yaneiza Perez

      This is just amazing!

    99. Pasquale Stolfo


    100. Abdouallah Universe

      🤔🤔🤔🤔 Why arent they using american space shuttle to transport astraunents from and back to ISS?, it is easy and safe and confortable.

      1. Apyr

        1- Its a lot more expensive 2- Its not as safe, since it doesnt have a launch escape system, its more likely to die in an accident, as showed by the two times crew has been saved by the escape system. 3- Only Nasa used the shuttle, and ESA has always used the Soyuz

      2. ann onn

        Because two space shuttles exploded.