COCKPIT/INSTRUMENT abbreviations! DO YOU KNOW THEM ALL? Explained by CAPTAIN JOE
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Dear friends and followers, welcome back to my channel and to another video which is all about the cryptic world of aviation abbreviations.
Let’s get started
ADF - The Automatic Direction Finder, a radio navigation device. Which works great with an NDB
ADIRS - The Air Data Inertial Reference System, processes and provides for example data concerning speed, angle of attack and altitude as well as inertial references like position and attitude.
AFS - The Auto Flight System, the core system when it comes to autonomous flying. It includes for example the subsystem everyone knows as the autopilot.
AH or AI - The Artificial Horizon or Attitude Indicator
ALT - Stands for Altimeter and it displays the Altitude. They share this abbreviation.
A/THR - The Auto Throttle. Once activated, it adjusts the thrust or throttles autonomously.
B/A - Is the Bank Angle around the longitudinal axis.
CDI - The Course Deviation Indicator. It is used to determine your lateral position relative to a course to or from a VOR for example.
CDU - The Control and Display Unit. The pilot’s interface for making inputs into the aircraft computers.
CKPT - short for Cockpit
DG - The Directional Gyro or better known as the heading indicator.
ECAM - That is Airbus’ Electronic Centralized Aircraft Monitoring. The two center displays.
EFIS - The generic term for the Electronic Flight Instruments System which make up the modern glass cockpits.
EGT - The Exhaust Gas Temperature
EICAS - The Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System, which information is displayed on the center screens of a Boeing, comparable to the ECAM on Airbus models.
ENG - short for Engine
FD - Stands for Flight Director the little graphical aid in front of the artificial horizon.
FMC - The Flight Management Computer is a system based on a data base that allows the programming of routes and is part of the…
FMS - The Flight Management System, which contains many subsystems like the FMC and other navigation systems. It displays its data via the EFIS.
GPS - Is of course short for the famous Global Positioning System
GPWS - The Ground Proximity Warning System.
GS - Is your Ground Speed
HDG - Is short for Heading.
HUD - The Head-Up-Display which can be found in a Boeing 787 Dreamliner for example.
IAS - Is your Indicated Airspeed which you can always find on the left side of your basic T.
LNAV - Stands for Lateral Navigation.
MCDU - The Multi-Purpose Control and Display Unit, which again is an interface unit to make inputs into the FMS. It consists of an LCD Screen and a Keyboard.
N1 - The Low-Pressure Spool Speed
N2 - The High-Pressure Spool Speed
NAV - Short for Navigation
ND - The Navigation Display.
OBS - The Omni Bearing Selector, which is the turning knob to set the course line on the CDI.
PFD - The Primary Flight Display.
QNH - Represent the altimeter setting in which the pressure reference is set according to MSL, the mean sea level.
RMI - The Radio Magnetic Indicator is a radio compass used for navigation towards NDBs. It is included in the ADF.
SPD - Is short for Speed.
STD - Stands for Standard, another altimeter setting, which is used above specific transition altitudes where altitudes become flight levels.
TAS - Is your True Airspeed.
THR - Thrust and Throttle both share this abbreviation.
TOGA - The Take Off / Go Around button is mounted onto the thrust levers and automatically applies take off thrust or full power when pressed prior to take off or to perform a go around.
VHF - Is short for Very High Frequency. The spectrum of short-range radio frequencies.
VNAV - Stands for Vertical Navigation.
V/S - Is your Vertical Speed, also called climb or descent rate followed by
VSI - The Vertical Speed Indicator
WXR - The Weather Radar which graphical information is mostly displayed on the ND.
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