The Battle of Midway 1942: Told from the Japanese Perspective (1/3)


10 млн көрүүлөр2 510

    (Animated Battle Map)
    This is part one of a three part video series covering Operation MI. As you can see I spent a considerable amount of time covering Nagumo’s Dilemma. To me it's one of most striking examples of how tough it can be for a commander to make a decision based on the information at hand. I found that to be the most interesting aspect of the battle.
    I don’t have a Patreon but if you want to show appreciation for my work feel free to donate.
    » patreon
    "Strength" , "Auxiliary", and "unknown" are misspelled in the video.
    At 22:55 I should have stated “North of Midway” instead of Northeast of Midway. The illustration shows a 10 degree 240 nm from midway location. Not so Northeast as I audibly stated.
    At 23:43 I should have stated 79 aircraft instead of 78 and I should have displayed 35 instead of 34 torpedo bombers. the “mistake” came about because sources still differ on whether there were 27 or 26 Carrier attack planes (Kates). If it was 27 it would have been 79 Planes. if it was 26 it would have been 78. During the recording I somehow mixed up the numbers.
    Additional Notes:
    notice that the carriers started off the battle in a box formation. This provided further mutual support for their rather weak AA fire. however, due to the incessant air attacks from VT-8, VT-6 and VT-3, the carriers were never able to reform in a box formation, instead they were in a ragged line which further worsened their AA capabilities.
    -----------------------------------------Spoiler Below regarding Nagumo's Dilemma---------------------------------------------
    So what was the answer to Nagumo’s Dilemma?
    “Taking all together, and admittedly operating with the benefit of hindsight, the “right” answer to Nagumo’s conundrum probably should have emphasized maneuver, offensive speed in preference to mass, and passive damage control. With fifteen minutes in which to act, he didn’t really have time to implement anything terribly fancy. But he could have helped himself immensely by immediately spotting every strike airplane in his hangars, whether they were armed or not, and launching them at the Americans. The sixty-four armed aircraft he had in had were perfectly capable of doing enormous damage to his enemy. And by emptying his hangars, he removed the single greatest danger to his carriers --- the presence of fueled and armed aircraft within them.”
    Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007 : p. 170
    Music :
    Ride of the Valkyries - Wagner
    Isom, D. W. (2007). Midway inquest: Why the Japanese lost the Battle of Midway. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.
    Lundstrom, J. B. (2013). The First Team Pacific Naval Air Combat from Pearl Harbor to Midway. New York: Naval Institute Press.
    Parshall, Jonathan B.; Tully, Anthony P.: Shattered Sword. The Untold Story of the Battle of Midway. Potomac Books: United States, 2007.
    Stille, M. (2010). Midway 1942: Turning-point in the Pacific(Vol. 226, Campaign). Oxford: Osprey Publishing.
    Toll, I. W. (2012). Pacific crucible: War at sea in the Pacific, 1941-1942. New York: W.W. Norton.
    Willmott, H. P. (2008). The barrier and the javelin: Japanese and Allied Pacific strategies, February to June 1942. Annapolis, MD: Naval Institute Press.
    And of course:

    күнү жарыяланды Жыл мурун


    1. Stephen

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    2. Mike Carney

      Anyone else running scenes from the movie Midway? Classic.

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    4. ClydeJarrod37UK

      If i'm right, a Scottish guy, some arms dealer called Glover, was partly responsible for the modernisation of Japan ?

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    7. Doctor Strange Love

      Great video, two thumbs up but i can't stop thinking about the life of young men who died in this operation and for that matter any war out there.

    8. Donette Shonna

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    9. Gabriel Liong the Dust News Guy

      "he only had 64 planes ready to attack" minecraft gamers and minecraft memers: you mean a stack?

    10. Anthony Phung

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      You describe this as being "told from the Japanese perspective," but then you repeatedly present information which is only known to an omniscient observer, that is, information which was obtained from the historical record. Click bait. Click bait. Click bait. Bait switch. Bait switch. Bait switch. I'm gone. I'm gone. I'm gone.

    12. John Smith

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      OOF WAKE ISLAND! legend

    15. Marciexzg5 Kochlst5

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    16. Dyn y Jawa

      So imagine you're one of six out of an original sixteen pilots to make it back to the carrier. Refuel, rearm and off you go again. Jeezuz.

    17. Katie Higgins

      These woke ass kids today have no ducking idea what comes next. I yearn for it

    18. feldweible

      Well done.

    19. Smack Attack

      Couldn't they at least launched a couple of search planes during the 15 minutes to conform?

    20. Stian Klingenberg

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    21. Dave Morgan

      this was absolutely brilliant.

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    23. Luciano Arebalo

      12:45 I felt so bad for the poor dude, didn’t get anything for his heroic attempt. Cheers to you

    24. Luis Enriquez

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    25. Ioan Sabău

      Icredible great job. Thank you !

    26. Tom Copman

      good animation #bnb #btc #btt #pancakeswap

    27. Jones F

      What does 'spot aircraft' mean in this context (24:30)? Does it mean to send out reconnaissance planes?

      1. Noshur Viverse

        Spotting means to bring aircraft up from the hanger, get them into launching positions and warm up the engines.

    28. Justin Archibald

      This is still one of the best tellings of the Battle of Midway I have ever seen!

    29. Connor Birch

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    31. bh2020 :

      From the Japanese point of view they were trying to deal a major blow to dishearten the U.S. However, the U.S. was never going to get disheartened as they were working on the atom bomb at full speed.

    32. 卫随德

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    33. Daniel Lynch

      Spectacular. I have read multiple books about Midway and while this animation did not show anything I didn't know, it is presented so beautifully. Anybody who wants to know Midway could start with this video THEN go to the books.

    34. Paul Hicks

      Outstandingly well researched, well presented piece of work. If the history channels had anyone half as well informed - and as capable in conveying information, they would be transformed. I congratulate you.

    35. Alexander Novikov

      LOL BIGgEST OPPONENT>?! educate yourself merican.. qauntun army was destroyed BY USSR.... USA just did NUCLEAR BOBMBING OF NON MILITARY OBJECTS....Hiroshima and Nagasaki... yes make that video that you will be looking at least sort of warriors...ITS BIGGEST shame moment for your country..and whole humanity history..... hypocrites, thugs, amoral . take care exceptionals lol....

    36. David Moore

      Midway was the most important, but it was not the biggest naval fight of WWII.

    37. fuck k-pop and tiktok

      Americans be like " let's show them the sun lmao "

      1. Nuclear Newspaper


      2. Frankthetank123098


    38. spymaine89

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    40. Jay Dee

      They tried to reveal the intention for posterity. Sadly, it was a ninja attack. Highly dishonored themselves. That said. I think the JDF should be activated as the JAF the anti-terror branch of American military. Let the ninja out and the samurai serve the will of his honored oath. They'd eat the shit up, fundamentalists be damned! Activate Japanese warrior ethos. The cultures we build together will mesh seamlessly.

    41. Lavalambtron

      We are waiting for china 🇨🇳 to try something similar in the 21st century, the aim will be the same, to defeat the US for good.

    42. Cheezburger15

      This kind of format for a video, making us the commanding officer, and giving reasoning for the decisions is amazing

    43. Erhardt

      Well... This is something for the Navy War college for Flag Staff Officers to study... like I’m sure they do anyway ... Very nice indeed sir 👍🥳✌️

    44. meryem essafi

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    45. Riley The Operator

      Nagumo: Were gonna invade midway! USA: So you have chosen death

      1. Noshur Viverse

        Actually, Nagumo was more in favor of a transition to a defensive strategy. However, despite being the officer commanding the Kido Butai he had rather little political power, so his opposition meant little.

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    48. James Price

      This is a brilliant exposition of the fog of war.

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    55. Anselm Kersten

      Clearest explanation of the Thach Weave I've come across. Thanks!

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    57. MarkoDeLaVoota

      lucky ?

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    59. Dave Petersen

      The Japanese attack on Pearl was pure luck that they weren’t disastrously wiped out. Incredible Japanese luck that US fleet and air were on stand down for that 1 day out of 4 straight weeks of defensive high alert and drills. Not true that the Japanese fielded the best pilots. The Zhuikaku’s and Shokaku’s air wings were recently formed and lacked all but rudimentary training. They were new (about 3-400 hours) untested, and not trained in combat maneuvers, bombing, or hard core dogfighting - they were only entrusted with strafing the airfields. US Pilots on the other hand typically had 700 flight hours and extensive training in combat On the other hand, Midway was pure American luck. The odds of the Tone’s rece plane being late with mech problems and it being on a flight path to discover the US forces was really tiny odds. Further, the odds of a garbled spotting report by that plane when it finally flew over the US fleet added to US luck in a priceless way.

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    61. Axel Mendoza

      This KGup video is the best video I have ever seen. This is what KGup is all about. How can we donate some cash to this guy. Fucking amazing.

    62. Patrick R.

      So detailed, I couldn't stop watching!

    63. JayTB

      is it bad i've watched this like 15 times in the past 2 weeks. Which doesn't include all the times before that.

    64. sam moore

      Did the first wave get to land, or ditch?

    65. Penultimate H

      Right after the battle, Nagumo had no idea that the piecemeal arrival of the American squadrons was happenstance. He thought that three helpless torpedo squadrons had intentionally thrown themselves against him as a pure diversion, sacrificing themselves "like Samurai" he said, so that their brothers could hit him from above. If these supposedly decadent Americans were really capable of doing something like THAT, there was no hope.

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    71. melon musk

      39:25 when you accidentally step in high level terittory

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    73. Doug Batt

      Informative and the timeline detail of Nagumo's Dilemma was helpful. You should also consider other decisive historical engagements land or sea.

    74. Aldo Fitla

      Admiral Yamamoto : "USA is a sleeping giant. Once you awaked him , you got six month to kill him. After 6 months , it s too late."

      1. CAT

        @Aldo Fitla Read the link i posted, it's fictional quote from movie.

      2. Aldo Fitla

        @CAT Yamamoto studied in USA. And his assessment of US firepower was accurate.

      3. CAT

        This is probably just movie quote.

    75. Lennysunday

      Stupid decision.

    76. FTheLeo

      Please make a part 2 of the Major battles of WW2. Can you make Stalingrad? Your narration is excellent

    77. ArnoldXD

      Having half your force kitted for naval warfare you should of set your priority for the naval battle after such an attack rather that changing ordinance. Critical mistake since he had intelligence suggesting an enemy presence. it would of been better to use your superior range and launch the naval planes well before the midway strike group got back. Refitting them only tightened schedule. Also he should of focused on launching any plane up into the sky with any of the 4 carriers for air defense rather than having them all do dangerous maneuvers. I don't think it takes long to launch 1 plane and that's what they needed. once they were being pressured.

      1. Noshur Viverse

        Zeroes were being launched pretty much constantly. The carriers started with about 12 CAP planes overhead, at the time of the dive bomber attack at 1025 there was about 45 in the air.

    78. Eric Peters

      This is how a damn documentary should be. To the point without all the theatrics. Kudos and outstanding job.

      1. the zimra

        oof... poor murican... saw normal media for first time... yeah your "TV" is pure cancer and ads

      2. mlovmo

        And without an IRRITATING title segment!

      3. Andy Brennand

        Makes the History channel look stupid.

    79. jarrod yuki

      i hate america!!!

      1. jarrod yuki

        @Shain Andrews once America is yellowstoned japan china and germany will once again overtake the world.

      2. Shain Andrews

        @jarrod yuki You are clearly a small child.

      3. jarrod yuki

        @Shain Andrews women have no authority to lecture men. much less adult men.

      4. Shain Andrews

        @jarrod yuki I think you are a misguided kid trying to troll... poorly...

      5. jarrod yuki

        @Shain Andrews for the two atomic bombs and taking away our empire there.

    80. Conundrum

      It seems like, given the fact that capturing Midway was never the true purpose of the attack, rearming to attack land targets was a horrible idea in the first place. Who cares if you don't take the island? The island isn't what matters.

    81. David Currens

      Awesome presentation

    82. Francesco Ruosi

      amazing video

    83. Craig Nguyen

      do the american planned this? by waves of weak ess attack to keep nagumo planes unable to launch then strike from two sides?

    84. Nikolaos Pseudonymous

      Wait, all the Japanese missions were codenamed with the initials of their target? I really hope that is a translation thing or just what the Americans called it afterwords.

    85. Freddy Fox 500

      We could build schools and hospitals for everyone on earth, but choose to fight each other instead."An organism at war with it self is doomed."

      1. SpaceyGnat

        You realize that both of those things would be redundant without war?

    86. Toxic Man Flu

      Well done, very well done

    87. Jimmy

      Lol toxic squadron leaders ended up beating the Japanese

    88. TheTriangle444

      Man what the hell are these recent cryptic riddle like comments by random accounts

      1. Shain Andrews

        Bots using AI. Their purpose? I have not figured it out yet.

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    90. Patrick Donnolley

      38:49 and now because I'm immature. OWARI DA!

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    93. Joey Morales

      I'd crash two of my carriers into the american ones and then use my supporting ships to hold the americans in places while I launch my fighters all while drinking heavily

    94. Eagle775

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      1. CAT

        End? No, the journey doesn't end here. Death is just another path, one that we all must take. The grey rain-curtain of this world rolls back, and all turns to silver glass, and then you see it. White shores, and beyond, a far green country under a swift sunrise. Gandalf

    95. brendancramphorn44

      At 27:54.... I would have sent in the aircraft aided by some of the protection fleet, there are obvious enemies rushing your flank! The Japanese lost due to underestimating the Americans, the Americans took advantage of this and was able to destroy their superior Air Force and ships.

    96. Jim H

      Funny...try to get the US to surrender 🤣🤣 good luck with that

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    98. William Reymond

      00:50] "It was considered that Americas's center of gravity was it's Pacific Fleet, *primarily it's carriers..."* This statement is historically wrong in two important respects. First, the Japanese Imperial Command was completely wrong and ignored Yamamoto's own warning and that it was Americas's immense industrial capacity that was the danger to Japan's imperial expansion. Second, the attack upon Pearl Harbor 7 December 1941, confirmed Imperial Japanese priorities as attacking the United States Navy' battle ship force as it's primary goal. That point is not even arguable - they attacked the battleships relentlessly - but the aircraft carriers *all* got away. Because the 'final battle' that the IJN envisioned was a battleship to battleship showdown. This point isn't arguable any longer.

    99. 88 18

      pish ! all pish .from which tribe has this been seamed to be told !

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