This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!

Veritasium

5 млн көрүүлөр780

    The Mars Helicopter, Ingenuity aims to make the first powered flight on another planet when it takes off on Mars. It has now landed and safely checked in with the rover. It should detach and fly within the first 30-60 days of the mission. I learned a lot getting to visit the drone right before it was mounted on the rover at NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena.
    How do you fly in 1% of Earth's atmosphere:
    Have large rotors (they are 1.2m in diameter) and spin them very fast, around 2500 RPM (5x the speed of a helicopter on Earth).
    Plus the aircraft has to be light:
    The Mars helicopter weighs in at 1.8kg or around the same as a laptop. Every piece had to be stripped down for weight. Instead of using aerogel for insulation, the craft makes use of CO2 gaps between components. Even aerogel was too heavy!
    One of the major challenges is surviving the Martian night:
    Temperatures plunge to -80C to -100C so two thirds of the craft's power is actually used to keep its electronics warm. Only one third is used for flying. The estimated flight time is 90 seconds.
    The craft can't be driven remotely, it will have to fly autonomously, using its own sensor suite to determine how to fly. The round trip 20 minute delay with Earth means steering the craft from mission control would be impossible.
    Huge Thanks to Patreon Supporters:
    Philipp Volgger, Chris Vargas, Ron Neal, Alfred Wallace, Colin Bellmore, Michael Krugman, James Knight, Donal Botkin, Sam Lutfi, Mohammed Al Sahaf, Kevin Beavers, Chuck Lauer Vose, Bryan Baker, James Wong, kkm, Manuel Zürcher, Tige Thorman, Jasper Xin, Leah Howard, Daniel Milum, Mathias Göransson, Stan Presolski, Lyvann Ferrusca, Arjun Chakroborty, June Kang, Listen Money Matters, Pindex, Joar Wandborg, DALE HORNE, Parker Linn, Roberto Rezende
    Jonny Hyman was a legend in editing, animation, filming, and sound design for this video.

    күнү жарыяланды Жыл мурун

    Жорумдар

    1. BBSkunk

      @2:00 he's comparing a helicopter to a drone(RPM): Parrot AR Drone 2.0 motor - Range of these motors begins at 10,350 RPM and it goes up to 41,400 RPM.

    2. Monotone Photographer

      Gronkowski is a scientist!

    3. Ishan Pujari

      Hats off to Balram

    4. Beulah West

      The valuable toilet complementarily hand because basement enzymatically radiate plus a lame piano. roomy, aspiring hat

    5. William Peterson

      I once coached an Odyssey of the Mind team. The record is holding up to 1,000 lbs. using 35 grams of Balsa.

    6. Nature Matters

      Its going to fly in less than a week

    7. lord0o

      So, they are spitting, touching, this device without proper protection to avoid microbial residue on another planet, interfering with future discoveries mixed with our microbia. am I crazy or something to think about this?

      1. Bop

        That’s not the one that’s actually on Mars

    8. InCrIpTiOn

      Also note that the speed of sound on Mars is lower than on Earth

    9. Drone Dome FPV

      I watched the prop test of this craft a year after this video was uploaded. Epic!

    10. Drone Dome FPV

      As a FPV Quadcopter pilot, this gets me all excited & nerded out.

    11. Akaboy4life

      Its not first drone Its first Air drone. Dont forget the satalites, the rovers and mini shuttles.

    12. Tabish Sohail

      Nobody did it so I had too "MARSCOPTER GO BRRRRRR!!"

    13. VICKY VENGURLEKAR

      Good 😎

    14. Ragnar Ragnarök

      How does it cope with the extreme temperatures on Mars?

      1. Ragnar Ragnarök

        @ThiccDuck 95 Well, that depends on the season. Mars's atmosphere is about 100 times thinner than Earth's. Without a "thermal blanket," Mars can't retain any heat energy. On average, the temperature on Mars is about minus 80 degrees Fahrenheit (minus 60 degrees Celsius). In winter, near the poles temperatures can get down to minus 195 degrees F (minus 125 degrees C). A summer day on Mars may get up to 70 degrees F (20 degrees C) near the equator, but at night the temperature can plummet to about minus 100 degrees F (minus 73 C).

      2. ThiccDuck 95

        its just 0 - -100 degrees cold thats not extreme for robots:D

    15. Tomasz Budnik

      wonder how much cost tax payer that NASA have build bigger version of DJI drone? ;)

    16. Did3D

      better way is a cage around cause is it fall on side it finished

    17. Mythili varadhan S r

      The first flight is going to take place day after tomorrow!!!!

    18. Rhineland Nagel

      Would the speed of sound not be slightly altered if said speed is in a less dense atmosphere ? And would this not alter the speed at which the rotors are able to rotate?

      1. How Does it Really Work

        The speed of sound does not depend on pressure, but it does depend on temperature and the elemental composition of gas. It will be -50C on Mars during the flights, and the atmosphere is largely carbon dioxide instead of mostly nitrogen on Earth. People at JPL know all that, and when they talk about the speed of sound, they mean the speed of sound on Mars.

    19. stopasking questions

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      The parsimonious success expectantly water because grandson usually punish qua a tiresome loan. glamorous, handy bugle

    21. How Does it Really Work

      Great video, it was very cool to see and hear the creators of Ingenuity! But I really wish you would not have said that _"on Earth helicopters spin their blades at 500 rpm"_ (to contrast it with how fast Ingenuity's blades spin 1:45). It is indeed a very intuitive thing to say that Ingenuity flies in the thin atmosphere of Mars _"because its blades spin crazy fast"_ but the reality is much more subtle. The helicopters on Earth spin their blades in a very wide range of rpm, depending on the size of the helicopter -- from below 200 rpm for the large full size helicopters, to 8000 rpm for DJI drones. If we compare Ingenuity to the RC helicopters of equal size, we would see much more similar rpm. RC helicopters with the rotors of the same 1.2 meter diameter as ingenuity (550 or 570 class) spin their blades at 2000-2500 rpm and even faster for some aerobatic flying. This does not, of course mean that Ingenuity is just another off-the shelf RC helicopter -- or course it is different in many parameters! But even though it seems counter-intuitive, the rpm is not one of these differences that make it fly on Mars. It would be more meaningful to say that the very wide and specialized rotor blades of Ingenuity could lift it on Earth with just 500 rpm (if it had sufficient torque, strength etc). Then, 2500 rpm on Mars is indeed very fast in comparison.

    22. Interstellar Escape

      Wow cool! I have a video of Ingenuity's first rotor spin test on mars live now

    23. Rodrigo Figueroa

      La wea wena weon o

    24. Geoffr524

      I had remembered that 71,000 feet above Earth is the same as the lowest spot on Mars?

      1. EventHorizon

        That’s insane if true. considering that at 71,000 feet there’s almost no air up there anymore, and to come to realization that’s equivalent to the lowest point on Mars? damn, this stuff is so interesting. yeah we definitely cannot go on Mars without protective suits.

    25. Daniele Bianco

      I SOOOOOOOOOO LOVE THIS CHANNEL

    26. Felipe Ferrer

      if the atmosphere is so thin in Mars there would be no blades sound like the one in the animation, or not?

      1. Felipe Ferrer

        @How Does it Really Work beautiful, thanks!

      2. How Does it Really Work

        It is not an animation. It is a test of the actual helicopter in a room where air has been pumped out to create conditions exactly like on Mars. And that was how it sounded.

    27. Mabel Campbell

      The confused venezuela roughly walk because crab globally fix along a productive plywood. zealous, greedy vacuum

    28. Attilio Bastos Guarnieri

      Que sorte a minha. KGup me presenteou com este vídeo altamente explicativo a respeito de Ingenuity. Desfez minhas dúvidas. Obrigado a toda a equipe do vídeo. Espero agora pelo 12 de Abril. Go !

    29. Donovan Babnik

      The guy in the red polo is like a nerdy Gronk

    30. MindBlown Watcher

      China greatly appreciates all of the new intel from this project😏

    31. Jestronix Handerson

      No return to rovers belly at night for food and shelter ?

    32. Martin Tedder

      I love how they committed to hireing scientists from a diverse hight group....

    33. breezelow unknown

      What a liar! The copter is obviously in a lab on earth, NOT on Mars! They think we will believe ANYTHING they say!!

      1. Captain Ahab

        On mars now

    34. ı Metr

      what is purpose of called chinese weight?

      1. ı Metr

        @How Does it Really Work thank you for answering

      2. How Does it Really Work

        It compensates some of the inertial forces and makes it easier for the servos to move the blades.

    35. Tens

      This sounds so bs. Just saying... I don't believe it.

      1. Bop

        What about this is BS?

      2. Captain Ahab

        Very soon

      3. Captain Ahab

        It about to fly now

    36. Jay Bay

      If Gronkowski stayed in school

    37. Mars Hampson

      get it off

    38. Pleyland

      On the topic of going to Mars the necessity to drink pee rarely comes up

      1. Captain Ahab

        Astronauts recycle urine every day with no problem

    39. roundcornerent

      At least they don't have to worry about flyin the drone in to any trees .

      1. breezelow unknown

        OR power lines.

    40. The Things

      You have change the title of the video for more views , in 2019 ''this helicopter'' was not on Mars. Why have you done this ? I think you and your videos are very popular and you don't need this trickery...

    41. FlyingHangman

      I'm curious as to why they didn't just attach the fishing line, through the pulley, to something 62% the weight of the chopper... surely that means that the amount of weight it has to lift is only 38% of its original weight

      1. How Does it Really Work

        That would only work perfectly when the helicopter does not accelerate up or down. If it does accelerate, then the actual mass of the helicopter plus the mass of the counterweight would be accelerating, and that would require a factor of (1+2/3) more force vs just the force to accelerate the mass of the helicopter itself. So the dynamics of the altitude control would not be quite the same. I do not know if that was important or not. One could also imagine using a long rubber band to pull the helicopter up with a force that is approximately constant, but that would also not be quite as perfect as the more complex system which they have implemented. It would be curious to know if there was some really important reason to do it the way they have done it, or if people at JPL simply have a habit to always do things in the best way possible.

    42. Ming Xuan Lee

      Wait, did the title changed?

    43. Royal Thoughts

      Then why cant they use thrusts instead of fan blades ..

      1. Hubert Marciniak

        Thrusters would require a constant supply of fuel. Using rotors that are moved by electric motors ( powered by rechargeable batteries) is much more "fuel" and mass efficient.

    44. Paulo J.

      Asians are on this project? How would ppl hate asians on this monumental event

    45. Sammy Spaniel

      This video takes on new significance now that the copter is on Mars ready to fly it's first mission.

      1. Blake Evans

        Yesterday marks the first public video footage released of the propellers spin test!

    46. Ivan’s Dirt Diaries

      Plot twist: Ingenuity was deployed yesterday and has survived its first night on the martian surface!!! Exciting times!!

      1. Deval Maheshwari

        Plot twist twist: ingenuity failed its teest spin and now the flight has been pushed back

      2. vyom bafna

        The 5 th day

    47. Mimino 01

      ​It would be interesting to find out if there are any plans to send inflatable Zeppelin to the Mars , they could use Kevlar encased durable balloon and flexible solar panels for power , so is would be easier to observe larger areas

      1. Captain Ahab

        Vacuum zeppelins are possible on mars

    48. Lucifer

      Why are humans spreading their waste onto other planes of existence. You humans are going to get wiped out. The Creator made a mistake by creating you pathetic lifeforms

      1. Lucifer

        @Thomas farquhar within the darkness of the brain of humans... that beautiful organ they call the pineal gland... that's where you'll find the best dealer...

      2. Thomas farquhar

        @Lucifer damn these must be some good drugs, where's your dealer

      3. Lucifer

        @Thomas farquhar no.. trust me.. the new beings that exist amongst you now... we're nothing like you humans that we're generated within this matrix in the last 1000 years... We are the new race of hybrids... We dont like what this world and societies have turned into... We are here to start the New World... 1 that's automated without the flaws and mistakes of humans. Ordo Abchao.

      4. Thomas farquhar

        Either you got so high you've forgotten what species you're a part of or you need therapy

      5. Zeen Daniels

        @Lucifer You, you are on drugs (or need psychiatric help).

    49. It's all lies

      Looks like a drone not a helicopter

      1. Le KikooLol

        @Zeen Daniels I mean, nasa call it helicopter so why contradict nasa

      2. Zeen Daniels

        It's both... Actually

      3. Le KikooLol

        still helicopter

    50. Somraj Rao

      The helicopter drone is going to fly on 11 april 2021😍😍

    51. David Burton

      04:15 Wow, CBD did wonders for Gronk.

    52. Тимур Сапаров

      And now, few days left till take off. Congratulations to the creators of first helicopter on Mars!

      1. vyom bafna

        Ir might have lift of by today

      2. Minepaper Studio

        Noice

    53. BeActive Behappy

      Perseverance rover has already found signs of mOre intelligent life on Mars than a flat earth conference.

    54. RS Nekmes

      The Ingenuity on Mars has some really cool spring leg joints that are missing on the Ingenuity shown here.

    55. Jimmy Bond

      On Mars one year ago ??? 🤣😂🤣

      1. Thomas farquhar

        @Jimmy Bond the helicopter is on Mars though, not clickbait

      2. Ax Eee

        @Jimmy Bond LOL 😂

      3. Jimmy Bond

        Ahh so it was a lazy click bat attempt !!! 🤣😂🤣

      4. Ax Eee

        I think he changed the title.... Use some brain

    56. klr 68

      in its first low level flights wont this kick up so much dust that photography would be impossible, and will the solar panels be affected by the dust

    57. Aled Long

      Anyone who flies RC helicopters knows this is pseudo scientific fantasy!

      1. Aled Long

        @Zeen Daniels You needed to hear, denied.

      2. Zeen Daniels

        @Aled Long So you can't. You just needed to say that...

      3. Aled Long

        @Zeen Daniels Asperger's???

      4. Aled Long

        @Zeen Daniels Dude??? What are you hiding???

      5. Zeen Daniels

        @Aled Long Dude... Just do the maths of shut up. Your choice.

    58. Bongo Fury

      Ah, to be paid billions to horse around with drones in space......... Nice work, if you can get it.

    59. Bongo Fury

      His sexy collar is his security pass. What’s his sign? “Right on, man....”

    60. Matilde Mai Skousen

      Is the baldes weight 4x35 g or 2x35 g? (2:57 min)

      1. How Does it Really Work

        4x35 g, but that is just the "paddle" part without the root with the chinese weight, horn, and the bearing. With the hardware, the blades are about 4x45 g

    61. About Space

      Cool! I love watching this, thank you!

    62. BILL POWER

      They should have contacted Boston Dynamics and put a 2 leg robot on the surface instead of this rubbish.

    63. Nasu

      Honestly... how f***ing awesome is that?!

    64. ik

      they could use a spring mechanism (kinetic propultion ) so that its shoots up and take photographs from higher altitude

    65. Naveen Kumar

      "it's swimming in a think soup" but in that same thick soup we could be able to fly drones and other. could you through some light on it. is it not like a very small, light weighted insect flying.

    66. tonysshadow

      Amazing!...in my lifetime. I barely rememberJohn Glenn, then my first real introduction to death when Grissom, White, and Chaffee died in the fire. Now we are FINALLY back in space and not just pussy-footing around.

    67. Chip Diamond

      80 million dollar drone .....

    68. Bobby Vincent

      15:35 maybe rovers will be the future companions to aircraft

    69. Bobby Vincent

      Why does this copter look suspiciously like it's going to be playing golf instead of doing work on Mars?

      1. Hubert Marciniak

        ​@Bobby Vincent I guess humour doesn't always come through in KGup comments ;) Let's hope the craft will do ok, and Percy will deliver some sick pictures and vids of drone flying!

      2. Bobby Vincent

        @Hubert Marciniak I was just making a joke about the golf club lookin legs. It's only in the air for like what 90s ....... it does what it does and I'm quite sure it will do a great job and be well worth the trouble of all the work they put in to get it there

      3. Hubert Marciniak

        @Bobby Vincent If the craft is light enough, then I suppose it doesn't need big beefy legs. Besides, it won't do any serious work. It's "only" goal is to test if such a drone/helicopter is a viable way of exploring Mars (and take a few pics along the way/test the navigation software). If it succeeds (meaning: it will be able to lift off, control it's flight and land), then it will create a path for future, more advanced crafts.

      4. Bobby Vincent

        @Hubert Marciniak it's legs look like '5 wood' golf clubs

      5. Hubert Marciniak

        What is so suspicious about it?

    70. MOLE

      This guy has unrestricted access to the entire world

    71. Redem Legaspi

      Flying a helicopter on Mars proves that an atmosphere is present on the red planet.

      1. Captain Ahab

        ~1% atmosphere

      2. Zeen Daniels

        Nothing new, really. The atmosphere of Mars is a fact known for more than a century now.

    72. cris paredes

      Wow

    73. valmont1702

      3:33

    74. Antero PH

      Sound of helicopter: "Baaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaah" 😂

    75. BILL POWER

      Worst thing you can send to mars a helicopter.Worst thing contra rotation version for very obvious reasons.

      1. Bop

        @BILL POWER ?

      2. BILL POWER

        @DarkLight 2.1 My own.

      3. DarkLight 2.1

        What video were you watching? LOL

    76. Ethan Bondick

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    78. Angusburgerman

      I saw the title and I knew he had updated it. Nice!

    79. Guralam Bir Singh Jandu

      Hey why don't they just simply use the the battery of the mars rover at night to keep the mars glider warm and charged at night as that would be attached all night with the mars rover and mars rover could also charge the glider much faster and efficiently... By this they could be able to fly twice the time as normal... This would be as a parent parenting its child 🧐😀

      1. A B

        Connecting the two vessels would be very difficult

    80. Mac Kettner

      Damn.......... it must have been awe-inspiring standing that close to it and then seeing the images from Mars. ;)

    81. R H

      I would HATE having to rely on some explosions to flip the helicopter right-side up onto the ground. I know its all calculated by people that actually understand this stuff but still that has to be nerve racking because its not like you can just pick it up...

    82. R H

      a minute and a half of flight a day if everything goes perfectly.... lol while that's not much it is kind of impressive.

    83. user 2.0

      to sum-up you guys can guess if NASA dudes make the same efforts to tune a helicopter that works on Earth 😂

    84. Vladimir Harkonnen

      What happens at the next storm though?

    85. srgadjon

      Big day for Ingenuity coming up on April 8th.

    86. Josh Lewis

      They talked about the blades staying below the speed of sound, it is different on Mars. However, I don't think the issues of transonic flow will be as drastic with such a thin atmosphere.

      1. How Does it Really Work

        They designed it for the parameters of atmosphere on Mars, and when talking about the rotor speed they meant that it was rotating at 0.6 of the speed of sound on Mars. (Which is about 240 m/s)

      2. bigpod

        sure but why risk it

    87. Cobra 1969

      How is the Earth's magnetic field protecting life on Earth from cosmic radiation in the form of gamma rays if gamma rays are not deflected by magnetic fields?

      1. A B

        It doesn’t. But the atmosphere does.

    88. TheEnchilada Kid

      This Helicopter Is Now On Mars!? well yes it is now in 2021 but back in 2019 no it wasn't

      1. Le KikooLol

        he updated his title after the landing

    89. Verbal Vertigo

      7:45 youre basically programming macro's for the helicopter esentially ? just like you could in a pc game ?

    90. Tyler Bell

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    91. Tabasco cat

      NASA are Gods-love 'em

    92. Tabasco cat

      Sorry to nit pick, but the first powered flightS on another planet, were the sky cranes.

    93. Raif Marshall

      An F-15 hit 100,000' within 4 minutes of releasing it's brakes on the runway. I think that is still the record.

      1. Jonathan Sullivan

        Idk why, but they're using the cruising altitude. There have been many jet engine aircraft to cross 100,000 feet in a climb.

    94. Saadusmani78

      I remember seeing this video a long time ago and when i heard of it with perseverance, it reminded me of this video 0:25 I thought 2020 of being such a long time away, and now it is on mars right now. Time flew fast

    95. Marshall Caliph

      Daw Mi Mi Aung would be very proud of this achievement. All the Burmese are very proud of her achievement. God bless America!

    96. Greg Artley

      When I saw all the of thumbs-down I realized there are more neanderthals alive now than 35,000 years ago!

    97. Joanne Howard

      The unsightly chive arespectively moan because population remarkably depend astride a striped touch. steady, worried cormorant

    98. Adonai Zedek

      I bet there are civilizations with 1 million years of advancements. I wonder how tbey view us

    99. S.ALTAF

      Expect the aleins of mars on earth v. soon when they see the rover and this drone on their plant 🙃

    100. codedecode

      4 words: no it is not

      1. codedecode

        @Zeen Daniels LMAO whatever you want to believe is fine with me - i mean i'm fine with religious fundamentalists like you. i'm going to go watch some videos of Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny, they're just as real as NASA helicopters on mars.

      2. Zeen Daniels

        @codedecode So you can't prove your point. That's all you needed to say, I didn't expect any better.

      3. codedecode

        @Zeen Daniels you actually believe this is real? LOL. like everything else NASA and friends produces, it's just a combination of CGI, and filmmaking/modeling tricks like green screens, and composite video (layers). you must have drank the NASA / Space X kool aid. don't worry, you and your Star Wars friends can keep worshipping at the altar. true believers are adorable.

      4. Zeen Daniels

        @codedecode That's exactly the point. You are saying that it's not, or it's CGI. It's up to you to prove. Can you do it or it'll be just words?

      5. codedecode

        @Zeen Daniels lmao nice 1 !!! the better question is: can you prove it is? i mean, if we're accepting CGI as proof, then i'm going to prove that Santa Claus and the Easter Bunny are real.